Pre-production Every Step

by GabDallaire on March 21, 2017 - 4:09pm

Pre-prodution Every Step


Every movie, television show, event or any video needs a formal procedure to arrive to such a result. We call it pre-production and this is without a doubt the most important stage of any video project. This big and really important step leads to production, after to post-production and finally to diffusing the final result. This procedure follows six important steps: first, the creation of a video, second, writing a script, third, drawing a storyboard, fourth, planning a location research, fifth, create a schedule and obtain permissions and finally, planning a realistic budget.


Step 1: Creation of a Video

Before every astonishing project, a lot of creative ideas have been running in every creator’s mind. Developing a project starts with a well-behave, realistic and productive idea. Ask yourself who is your target audience. What they want to see, what they want to hear and why would they be interested? Those questions will guide you on the right track and the answer to these questions will massively help you to dictate the creative style, the length, the music, the locations and the multitude of factors for your creation.


Step 2: The Script

The script is the beginning of a writing process that brings all your original ideas into one text. This text must create a story that follows a realistic and rough order of events. The scriptwriter needs to think about the sound, the characters, the expressions and the background. It is not obliged to be wrote in detail but, it must be definitely well described. Write down your ideas! Keep in mind what the public wants to see when they will press the play button.


Step 3: The Storyboarding

The storyboard is an illustrated script. This step is really important, above all for camera shooting. Use stick men or rough shapes, it does not matter, we only need a portrait of your ideas. Drawing will give a great concept of your video and support the look and the feel of your future creation.



Step 4: The Locations

While step 2 and step 3 are complete, the production team should plan a location look up. This step gives a realistic plan for the video. We can think of somewhere beautiful and perfect for a scene, but is it realistic? Is it practical for the technicians, the camera and for everyone attending the scene? Take in consideration if the place is functional and does not provide unwanted sound. Do not forget to take a lot of pictures!


Step 5: The Scheduling and Permissions

The production needs to obtain permissions for every location they want in the video. Organise a schedule that supports a realistic production. Shooting a video is long and less time to set up the tripod, frame a shot, bring the actors to the right place, light a scene and film different takes. The schedule is a very important aspect in every production, so there is no unforeseen situations, if every steps are well followed.


Step 6: The Budget

Final step is establishing a budget. After all the steps, the producer should know every material and staff required for the production. Combine everything and set a budget. Invest money in a promotional video, in equipment, in locations, in technicians and in actors.


In conclusion, this is just an overview of a pre-production process. The more we put efforts and planning in the pre-production, the less we need to worry during the production. According to Jon Cambourne, freelance cameraman and editor producing video[1], create a video, write a script, draw a storyboard, plan a location research, create a schedule and set a budget will lead to an irreproachable pre-production.



Great ! Your article really shows how it is done and is very clear ! I wish I could write scripts like that, and reading you gave me the will to do so. It is very inspiring and the way you explain the process of pre-production really gives me a new vision of it ! Thank you !

Your article is well structured and it is very clear. Maybe you could add the errors of a beginner that we should avoid. Otherwise, your process is mind-bending, great work!

I like how you divided the different elements in your introduction and how you approached the subject. I wish there could be more details regarding some of the steps. Overall you did a very good job ! You definitely made me learn something today.

About the author

Gabrielle Dallaire, 19 years old, student in Media, Art and Technology, at Cegep de Jonquiere.