How to do Cardiopulmonary Resurrection (CPR)

by FAL4Dark on March 22, 2017 - 4:17pm

How to do Cardiopulmonary Resurrection (CPR)

 

            The following paragraph is a reminder of how to do Cardiopulmonary Resurrection, simply called CPR. CPR is a well-known technique throughout the world that can save lives. There are four sections in which it can be separated: Before the CPR, the compressions, the airway and the breathing. There are a total of 16 steps to apply to ensure a safe CPR.

 

Section 1: Before Applying the Technique

 

            First, the First-Emergency-responder needs to look around the victim to ensure that there is no potential threat around him/her. If there is a threat, move it somewhere else. If there is a liquid, move the body somewhere else. Then, the First-Emergency-responder has to verify if the victim is conscious by gently taping on the victim’s shoulders, clapping in front of his face and calling the victim by his name (if known, otherwise ‘’Mister’’ or ‘’Miss’’). If the victim is unconscious, the First-Emergency-responder assumes he has the permission to perform CPR, or else he needs to ask. If there are two people near, he can ask one of them to call 911 and the second one to go get an Automated External Defibrillator, known as AED. An AED is a machine that determines if a victim needs some shocks or not AND gives the shocks automatically if the victim needs them. The machine only needs to be placed correctly (See figure 1) and be activated to do its job. If an AED is already accessible, place it as fast as possible and let it give the first shock if needed.

 

Image result for How to place an AED

Figure 1

Source: http://firstaidlesson.blogspot.ca/2013/02/automated-external-defibrillator-aed.html

Section 2 : The Compressions

 

            First, the First-Emergency-responder has to place the victim on his back, kneel near his head and his chest and place one hand on top of the other hand and place the top hand’s fingers in between the lower hand’s fingers (See figure 2). He then places his hands on the chest of the victim, lock his arms and start giving the usual 30 compressions followed by two rescue breaths.  If the First-Emergency-responder has some gloves (See figure 3), he HAS to put them AFTER learning if the victim is conscious or not and RIGHT BEFORE applying the CPR.

 

Image result for How to place hands when giving 30 compressions CPR

Figure 2

Source: http://www.rothercfr.co.uk/cpr/cpr-adult.aspx

Image result for CPR gloves

Figure 3

Source: https://www.mec.ca/en/product/5032-756/CPR-Pocket-Ventilator-w-Nitrile-Gloves

 

Section 3 : The Airway

 

                The first task is to clear the respiratory tract by putting one hand on the forehead, tilting the head back, placing the other hand on the chin and lifting it. He then needs to check the breathing for 10 seconds, see if there is a chest motion and if there is a breathing sound. After that, comes the mouth-to-mouth.

 

Section 4: The Breathing

 

            Here, the First-Emergency-responder MUST cover the WHOLE mouth of the victim. If he has his CPR mask (See figure 4), place it on the mouth of the victim. He now has to give two recue breaths. If the chest rises after the first rescue breath, give the second rescue breath. If the chest does not rise, the First-Emergency-responder has to RECLEAR the respiratory tracts and then give the second rescue breath. After two rescue breaths, the rescuer has to give 30 compressions and another two rescue breaths. After 5 cycles of this, place the AED and let it do its job. The First-Emergency rescuer stops when the victim shows some signs of movement or when the Emergency Medical Personnel (EMP) arrives.

Related image

Figure 4

Source: http://www.aedsuperstore.com/cpr-responder-mask-without-case.html

Conclusion

 

            The most important steps in all of this is to make sure the environment is safe, see if the victim is conscious or not and giving the compressions and the rescue breaths. Remember that this is for a well-trained First-Emergency-responder, not for someone that just started to learn how to do it. This technique is recommended to everyone since it can save some lives.

Comments

It was interesting to read and the sections are well divided.

The transition words are not appropriate because ''first'' is used two times (for the section one and two). Also, there are no transition words for the section three and the conclusion.

Although, in the conclusion, it is captivating to remind the readers that these technique are only for professionals.

It was an interesting text to read and it is well built.

The inappropriate use of grammar and syntax can make the text a bit confusing at times.

But, overall the use of images troughout the text helps the reader have a better understanding of your process description.

Hello Francois,

I found your text very interesting, although the lack of transition word made me a little bit confused. Your steps were clear and your description of an AED with an image was constructive. I was scared to use it some day but now that you reminded me that I only to place it correctly for the instrument to work has reassured me that it can be easy to save a life. I believe a non-expert could use your text as a procedure to perform CPR. Good work.

About the author

Hello, my name is François Aubé-Larouche. I am a 20 years old man that works at the Mont-Fortin in Saguenay. I have 2 older brothers that lives in Montreal. I live with my 2 parents. i did all my elementary school with flawless notes.