by 025 momo on June 19, 2014 - 3:46am
Today, I'm going to talk about aging society in Japan. There are many problems in Japan, and aging society will be also one of the big problems. Japan is ageing faster than any other nation. Aging society is that the people who are over 65 years old increase these years. It means that there are only few children in the future. Therefore we are necessary to keep thinking these solutions for our future. The population is aging and by 2050, one in three people will be past retirement age (65 years old). Meanwhile, the birth rate is currently at 1.25 babies per woman, much lower than the 2.1 needed to keep the population stable. We need children more.
From now on, I'm going to explain about some of the problems. First, the children have to take care of the people who will be over 65 years old in the future. Therefore the children have to pay for the tax expenses. Because the people who are over 65 years old might have a pension, medical treatment expends and so on in the future, and so the youth will be difficult to live wealthy. They have to pay a lot. Second, it's about the strength of a nation. It will decline in the end. It means that we won't have much money to take care of our parents or some relatives. When we were 65 years old, I don't know about the future yet, but we might need someone who takes care of us. Therefore we should think clearly and we have to think about the solution first.
Next, I'm going to talk about the solution of aging society. First, it’s having more babies. It’s just simple, but it’s really important. Some companies are offering financial incentives to their employees to have more children. The government is also supposed to give a little financial support to parents. However I haven’t yet seen any evidence of this, so I don’t know is it good for us to solve the problem. However, it’s one of the solution. Second, it’s increasing the number of foreign workers. Easing immigration laws to allow hundreds of thousands of foreigners to live, work and apparently terrorize the natives is not likely to happen. I think most Japanese would rather forfeit their pensions or have robots do the work instead. These are some of the solution that I thought. It might be difficult, but it will be help us to live aggressively in our future.
Finally, I’m going to talk about Sweden where same problems have. Life expectancy in Sweden is among the highest in the world. In 2010, it was 79.1 years for men and 83.2 years for women. Sweden has the second-largest proportion of people aged 80 or over among the EU member states, totaling 5.3 per cent of the population. In 2010, the total cost of elderly care in Sweden was SEK 95.9 billion (USD 14.0 billion), but only 3 percent of the cost was financed by patient charges. Health care costs paid by the elderly themselves are subsidized and based on specified rate schedules. They are trying to solve the problems as much as they can. Therefore Japan also thinks about it as soon as possible. Sweden will be one of the example for Japan.
The aging society is a serious and urgent problem in Japan. As the birth-rate in Japan becomes lower and lower and the percentage of older people becomes higher and higher. There are many problems, such as the shrinking working force and pension and nursing-care systems occur, as I said that. It's really a complicated problem. I don't have much knowledge about this problem but I think Japan should learn how to deal with its aging society from other countries. Maybe the Kingdom of Sweden is the better to follow it example, it copes with this problem well and they know as a welfare state. I think we can get many ideas about how to deal with our aging society someday. I hope that this problem will be better than before, and I want to live happy without worry in my future for sure. first we should think about the method of settlement.